Page 62 - Master Blueprint 2018 - 2019
P. 62

CLINICAL               9        PATIENT PRESENTATIONS
          PRESENTATION
                                          RELATED TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM




             Patient presentations span all relevant age                              The Guide to clinical presentations in this category may
             categories, special populations, and varied                              include, but is not limited to, the following ways in which
             clinical settings.                                                       patients present for osteopathic medical care:


                                                                                      ear conditions, acute and chronic – trauma (eg, tympanic membrane perforation),
                                                                                      cerumen impaction, otitis externa, otitis media, eustachian tube dysfunction •
                                                                                      lung/pulmonary diseases and conditions, acute and chronic – acute respiratory
                                                                                      distress syndrome; airway foreign body; anaphylaxis; asthma; breath-holding
             9.1    COUGH                                                             spells; transient tachypnea of newborn; hemoptysis, hemothorax, pneumothorax,
                                                                                      chylothorax; pulmonary embolism; pulmonary hypertension; chronic obstructive
             9.2    SORE THROAT
                                                                                      pulmonary disease; bronchiectasis; sarcoidosis; interstitial lung disease;
             9.3    SHORTNESS OF BREATH
                                                                                      occupational lung disease; lung and pleural tumors (eg, cancer, nodules);
             9.4    NASAL BLEEDING                                                    angioedema; pulmonary effusion (eg, from cancer, infections, congestive heart
             9.5    AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION                                                failure); cystic fibrosis; smoke inhalation • mediastinal masses • nose and
                                                                                      paranasal sinus conditions – nasal congestion, allergic rhinitis, sneezing, anterior
             9.6    NASAL DISCHARGE
                                                                                      and posterior nosebleeds, rhinorrhea, sinusitis • respiratory tract infections (eg,
             9.7    EAR PAIN/EAR DISCHARGE
                                                                                      upper respiratory infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchiolitis, influenza,
             9.8    RESPIRATORY ARREST
                                                                                      tuberculosis) • throat conditions, acute – infections (eg, tonsillitis,
             9.9    RESPIRATORY CHEST PAIN                                            mononucleosis); hoarseness (eg, inflammatory, infectious, vocal abuse, traumatic

             9.10  RESPIRATORY GROWTHS AND MALFORMATIONS                              dysphonia, vocal cord paralysis) • upper respiratory system disorders and
                                                                                      conditions, acute and chronic – laryngomalacia, epiglottitis; tracheitis; neoplasms;
             9.11  PHYSICAL EXAM FINDINGS RELATED TO THE RESPIRATORY
                 SYSTEM                                                               structural anomalies (eg, fistulas, webs, malformations); sleep disorders (eg, apnea)
             9.12  LABORATORY TEST FINDINGS AND DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING
                 RELATED TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
                                                                                      CONSTITUTIONAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
                                                                                      fatigue  • fever  • generalized weakness  • involuntary weight loss  • malaise  •
                                                                                      night sweats  • pallor


                                                                                                                                                      


        COMLEX-USA MASTER BLUEPRINT                                                                DIMENSION 2     CLINICAL PRESENTATION 9     PAGE 61
   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67